Her entry into London and the great coronation procession that followed were masterpieces of political courtship. Queen Elizabeth I caught smallpox in October 1562 -- less than two years before Shakespeare was born -- during one of the worst outbreaks in England. Elizabeth I - Elizabeth I - Accession: At the death of Mary on November 17, 1558, Elizabeth came to the throne amid bells, bonfires, patriotic demonstrations, and other signs of public jubilation. I hope I can dig some more out in my research to share. On this day Queen Elizabeth's forces are defeated by the Irh at the Yellow Ford on the Black Water river. That is unlikely. In his Memoir of Services, Mary's husband, Henry Sidney, recorded the effect nursing Elizabeth had on his wife: "When I went to Newhaven [Le Havre] I lefte her a full faire Ladye in myne eye at least the fayerest, and when I retorned I found her as fowle a ladie as the smale pox could make her, which she did take by contynuall attendance of her majesties most precious person (sicke of the same disease) the skarres of which (to her resolute discomforte) ever syns hath don and doth remayne in her face, so as she lyveth solitairilie sicut Nicticorax in domicilio suo [like a night-raven in the house] more to my charge then if we had boorded together as we did before that evill accident happened. He did love Elizabeth but he knew deep down that she was independent, strong and would never marry. Fortunately, Elizabeth survived the disease and was not too badly scarred, although her friend Lady Mary Sidney, who nursed Elizabeth through the illness, was terribly disfigured by the disease. Smallpox was a disease that arrived in London in October of 1562. The epidemic reached England in 1602 when The English fleet captured Portigules treasure ship. There was a political fallout soon after this illness. No, I don’t believe so, she would have been seen as doing her duty to her queen. URL for this post : https://www.tudorsociety.com/10-october-1562-elizabeth-i-catches-smallpox/. extraction, there would not have been many visible. Very little is actually written about Elizabeth’s time of suffering with smallpox. You can unsubscribe at any time by clicking the link in the footer of our emails. Anna Whitelock looks beyond Elizabeth I's carefully crafted image as an all-conquering Tudor beauty and finds a balding, frail woman, scarred by pox, crippled by headaches and plagued by bouts of depression June 1, 2013 at 10:15 am ... but because there had been an outbreak of mumps and chicken pox among the cadets it … It's nice to read about little known things about them. She encouraged the people at court to dress well and loved her jewels, clothes and boots. Poor Lady Mary Sidney, caring for Elizabeth while she was sick herself. Only logged-in users are allowed to comment. The dental care was minimalistic at the time and Elizabeth had some teeth removed. 11 October 1549 – The Arrest of Edward Seymo…, START YOUR FREE TRIAL RIGHT NOW - CLICK HERE. Her brother, Robert Dudley, had a large house across the river at Kew. What a horrific thing that Mary Queen of Scots had to indure! The appearance of Elizabeth I did change after her bout of smallpox. She became extremely vain after this, hiding her scars with makeup and wearing a wig for the rest of her years. Still, numerous individuals reported on her personal attractiveness. Queen Elizabeth II caused 'shock' over QE2 name says expert. So interesting and so moving. That is unlikely as she never named an heir until her eventual death in 1603. That makes so much total sense… hummm wow, just to think it was just the way your DNA succumbed or not…. I also have an interview in the court of Elizabeth the first … I know Shakespeare had Othello as a black English man.. but, what about black men in her court, or Asians? She carried the scars the rest of her life. According to the Guardian, British artist Mat Collishaw has created an art installation that projects an alternative representation of Elizabeth in her later reign. January 8, 2021 at 8:01 am. What would Sir George, Baron Vernon, do now? This disease is caused by the variola virus, since there are two forms of this virus, essentially one is superior. Smallpox. Yes, it’s such a sad story. Mary Sydney took a great risk but one that was loving and from duty. Our ancestors who survived serious disease could pass on a strengthened immune system allowing later generations to defeat these killers. Elizabeth had good strong genes and was able to survive. Members urged the queen to marry or nominate an heir, to prevent a … It could be seen as quite surprising that Elizabeth would put so much trust in him knowing this but he also had England’s—well, the Protestant’s—best interests at heart. She was a loyal lady. As Lucy Davies notes for the Telegraph, this queen bears all the hallmarks of her age: sunken eyes, wrinkles, smallpox-scarred skin and even wispy chin … Really!! What a loyal servant though. Thank you! The great irony is that Elizabeth I proved to be one of England’s best monarchs. Queen Elizabeth II and the Duke of Edinburgh on the day of their coronation, Buckingham Palace, 1953. I can always check. Queen Elizabeth survived smallpox as a young woman, though none of the portraits of her show the scars she probably had from the disease. Elizabeth saw her every day while she was there. Thank you! However, some diseases simply died out and the immune system theory is part of the reason. It scarred her for life, unfortunately, but she lived on, under a mask of white paste and a red wig. One Response to “Did Queen Elizabeth I have smallpox?” Leah August 21, 2012 at 1:15 am # Yes, In 1562 Queen Elizabeth I of England nearly died of smallpox and had scars for the rest of her life which were covered with a thick white paste that was the makeup of the time. Smallpox was a feared, deadly, viral disease that was highly contagious. Forgot password? Later in the year, following Elizabeth's illness with smallpox, the succession question became a heated issue in Parliament. Mary Sidney was born on 27 October 1561 at Tickenhill Palace in the parish of Bewdley, Worcestershire. Elizabeth feared that England would become the Catholic state that her half-sister, Mary I, had created. She was the daughter of Henry the VIII and Anne Boleyn. It causes a rash to appear along the skin and can lead to the hair falling out. Informal live chat – 16 January – Tudor history books, Expert live chat – Heather R Darsie – 23 January, The Royal Supremacy and the Break with Rome, Off with her head - A History Channel Podcast including an interview with Claire, This week in Tudor History - 11 - 17 January - Part 1, John Neville, 4th Baron Latimer (1520-1577), 6 January - The Feast of Epiphany or Kings' Day, 10 October 1562 – Elizabeth I catches smallpox. M cells I believe the documentary called them, but don’t quote me. Lucky for him it could never be proved, since Queen Elizabeth threatened to have him rot in the tower if it had been true. Wish we had known the history when visiting Kew Gardens A year ago! The theory is a combination of both markers that built up her parents immunity were passed on, her own immune system became strong and she could fight this off. Thank you. Not now, as it has been eradicated, but, yes, it was a killer. The cellars of this house are to be found under the 17th century house now called Kew Palace in Royal Botanic Gardens Kew. There were some scars left over and she did lose some of her hair. Elizabeth survived a bout of smallpox, which killed many in England at the time. I heard years ago that her doctor wrapped her in red cloth for days and this had some role in her healing. This brush with death brought the succession sharply into focus and when you consider that this unsanctioned marriage by a member of the Royal family, without permission, it was alarming to Elizabeth. Image: Elizabeth I at prayer, from the frontispiece of her personal prayer book, 1569, shared on www.marileecody.com. ... and George III’s wife, Queen Charlotte, helped to popularise smallpox vaccination by publicising their own family’s experiences. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. However, Elizabeth actually had smallpox. Elizabeth was not the only Tudor to suffer from smallpox. She did offer Mary, Queen of Scots a chance until Mary married Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley. I only wonder because I have been watching the 2018 Mary Queen of Scots and Elizabeth the first… the newest movie.. and I see differences in both ladies courts than history has relayed…, It would make total sense with the moors going into Spain in 700AD and also the Ancient Romans had many African Roman soldiers… that most likely were in Britannia when the Romans first went there with Caesar and again under Nero…. Anne Boleyn became inoculated against the Sweat and associated viral diseases but her cells were also strengthen and passed on to her daughter. In a time where sunscreen was unheard of, skin problems and pox was a common thing smooth, unblemished skin was a rarity. Elizabeth was no exception. However, you would never be able to tell that from the paintings! Thankyou. As for why Elizabeth sported such an unnatural appearance, it was a result of her coming down with smallpox in 1562. I’ve never heard of her losing her hair. I expect it thinned as she grew older, like many women’s, but she was recorded as having her “hair about her face” when Essex strode into her chambers uninvited and before she was properly dressed and ready in late 1599. During her lifetime, Elizabeth would have 26 different marriage proposals to consider, of which about five of the suitors had multiple proposals, and … For information about our privacy practices, please visit our privacy page. Here's where you can learn more about her. The first wave of smallpox in 1520 killed 56 million people. Learn more about Mailchimp's privacy practices here. The disease infected several relatives of King Henry VII, leaving visible scars. Here's where you ca... Haddon Hall: An Elizabethan Love Story That Shocked Society. Learn how your comment data is processed. Register for free. (Gamma-Keystone via Getty Images) Queen Charlotte, the wife of George III, also promoted vaccinations after losing two sons to smallpox. I enjoyed reading this. Understandably, she was just 29-years-old and wouldn’t have expected to start losing her hair at this age. Brilliant. Did this experience make Elizabeth thing again about not having an heir? Catherine Grey, her cousin married without her permission and was imprisoned with her husband Edward Seymour. Just seven days later, it was feared that the Queen would die. It probably wasn’t just for the fact that he would be King of England—after all, he didn’t want to marry Mary Stuart, Queen of Scots, despite knowing that he may one day become king. The Armada Portrait commemorates the most famous conflict of Elizabeth I's reign – the failed invasion of England by the Spanish Armada in summer 1588. He wanted to marry her for love. Not all the vanity was due to her smallpox outbreak; however, that did lead to the focus on her facial and hair appearance. GET YOUR FREE TRIAL NOW, Smallpox Vaccine Scars: Why Do They Happen? Isn’t it true that Queen Elizabeth thereafter would always break court protocol & go, herself, to see Lady Mary, rather than ordering Lady Mary to come to see her? “Good Queen Bess” passed away on March 24, 1603. Just seven days later, it was feared that the Queen would die. The truth is that many portraits of monarchs and the people who surrounded them were “Photoshopped”. Her teeth did rot as she aged, despite trying to care for them. In other words, the artists made some subtle (and in Elizabeth’s case, not so subtle) changes to make everyone look perfect. She was lucky to survive, but what a terrible cost, her beauty and her desire for life or company gone. The installation has been constructed directly opposite the Armada Portrait, probably the most famous painting depicting Elizabeth I. Elizabeth 1 wore her coronation ring on her wedding finger as a sign of her symbolic marriage to her country and subjects. The queen’s makeup consisted of vinegar and white lead for her face (it’s worth pointing out now that her cause of death was blood poisoning, partially due to the lead in her makeup). This was minimal in her younger years but very thick after her smallpox. That is possibly something that led to his death in 1553, when he likely died of TB. Henry’s marriage to her mother, Anne Boleyn, was doubtful according to her enemies and Catherine Grey was considered legitimate. On 10th October 1562, twenty-nine year-old Queen Elizabeth I was taken ill at Hampton Court Palace, with what was thought to be a bad cold. Elizabeth exalted in being the queen bee at court. Her mother was beheaded two and a half years after her birth and she was declared illegitimate and deprived of the title of princess. Learn more about Mailchimp's privacy practices here. There is just so much that is often pushed under the rug, so to speak. It is a virus that didn’t have a cure for back in the 16th century. Elizabeth used dirty tactics to outshine her rivals. She did recover but did the thinking have some reason or was it luck? Of course a number of other factors also have to be considered, such as understanding of medical knowledge, cleanliness, inoculation and our environment. I saw in a program quite some time ago that Elizabeth I doctor had her wrapped up in lots of red linen as he believed that this would draw the heat and fever out and cure her. Surprised no mention has been made of Sybil Penn, Lady of the Bed Chamber, who also nursed Elizabeth through the small pox and died of the disease on 6th November 1562. This is what happened to Queen Elizabeth. Actually, Elizabeth went to visit Mary Sydney At Hampton Court when she stayed there after the smallpox ordeal. Did Robert use this time to try and marry the Queen of England? When the heiress of Haddon Hall eloped with her lover, Elizabethan society he... Elizabeth I - the greatest queen, the best book subject. She was buried at the nearby village of Hampton and her ornate tomb with rhyming epitaph survives. By the time Elizabeth I became queen in 1558 she had taken to wearing her infamous dramatic makeup to disguise the scarring. Biography Early life. The new film Mary, Queen of Scots, in theaters today, is not really about Elizabeth I, Queen of England (Margot Robbie). very interesting never knew queen Elizabeth had small pox. / Would you like to post a comment now? Thank you. young Elizabeth: She was not alone. Queen Elizabeth and Prince Philip are in lockdown at Sandringham and will remain there for the duration of the pandemic. By clicking below to subscribe, you acknowledge that your information will be transferred to Mailchimp for processing. Pingback: While there may well have been some people who were obviously not of European Historical sources had no reason to hide interesting or remarkable information about courtiers, racism not being as developed then as it is now, as there were few people of obviously non European extraction spread throughout the nations of Britain. It’s unlikely there was the level of racial diversity the 2018 film portrays. It was during this time that Robert was clearly supportive of Mary Stuart’s claim to the English throne and supported the Protestant lords in Scotland. Tick the "Email" box to give us permission to email you. Interesting and moving article. The Tudors have always been a fascination of mine. However, the cold developed into a violent fever, and it became clear that the young queen actually had smallpox. There is a new theory in epidemiology today that we lived through the plague and other killer diseases or rather our ancestors did and our genetic immunity built up over the generations and the gene to beat serious disease came with it. ... Smallpox hit everyone from Queen Elizabeth … The queen had fought hard to find a balance and create some sort of peace between the two Christian religions. | Health Research Policy There is now a vaccine for it and has pretty much died out in the Western World thanks to medicine. Elizabeth needed someone that she could trust in power. However, the cold developed into a violent fever, and it became clear that the young queen actually had smallpox. Queen’s House in Greenwich, London, England. Author has 435 answers and 809.8K answer views Yes Elizabeth developed smallpox in 1562 while she was at Hampton Court. After contracting the disease from the queen, Lady Mary was left so badly scarred that her husband wrote about how disfigured and ugly she was (charming!). That job fell on the one love in her life: Lord Robert Dudley. All that is known is that people feared she would die. Luckily for Elizabeth, she managed to fight the infection and went onto reign for another 41 years without any other serious illnesses. Unlike The Bubonic disease, this sickness had no nonhuman host. A more natural explanation would be a genetic immunity marker in her DNA and that she was one of those who naturally recovered. The modern experts had no idea but one thought that the strong colour may have had some affect, although what he had no idea. However, Elizabeth I survived and went on to reign until her death in March 1603. In later life, she suffered the loss of her hair and her teeth, and in the last few years of her life, she refused to have a mirror in any of her rooms. I am interested in Queen Elizabeth as I have just finished reading The Royal Diaries series by Kathryn Lasky if anyone is interested. The letter is very moving. When you look at portraits of Queen Elizabeth I, you wouldn’t notice anything out of the ordinary. While she recovered, there were reminders of the illness that she suffered. Courtiers often came to court through high birth, rank or service to the monarch. This is fascinating. However, the Virgin Queen was lucky not to be left too disfigured—she was able to cover most of the scars with makeup. She took to wearing white lead makeup to cover the scars. Very interesting. On 10th October 1562, twenty-nine year-old Queen Elizabeth I was taken ill at Hampton Court Palace, with what was thought to be a bad cold. Mary, Queen of Scots, may have been the monarch who got her head chopped off, but she eventually proved triumphant in a roundabout way: After Elizabeth died … Henry was of strong disposition as he overcame malaria, small pox, some weird kind of Tudor flu and tertiary fever, all killers. Queen Elizabeth's death On this day the almighty leader of England dies do to the small pox. She was only 29 years old. Queen Elizabeth has been a long-time advocate for vaccinations. She would also have rags stuffed in her mouth so that her cheeks didn’t look hollow, as she was slim built. The death of the queen without a settled succession would imperil everything for which he had worked. Ordered by doctors to remain in her bed at Hampton Court Palace, it … When Queen Elizabeth I was 29, in 1562, she was struck down with what was believed to be a violent fever. Elizabeth was a survivor - FACT. When the heiress of Haddon Hall eloped with her lover, Elizabethan society held its collective breath. Her mother lived through the Sweat as did other Boleyn and Howard relatives. | Health Research Policy. Elizabeth was very modern for her time and focused on fashion, very much like her mother, Anne Boleyn. Henry VIII never wanted that to happen either, but Frances Grey had already pushed her chances by working with John Dudley to place her daughter on the throne. Did Mary Sydney ever have a special acknowledgement? https://www.tudorsociety.com/10-october-1562-elizabeth-i-catches-smallpox She was one of the seven children – three sons and four daughters – of Sir Henry Sidney and wife Mary Dudley.Their eldest son was Sir Philip Sidney (1554–1586), and their second son Robert Sidney (1563–1626), who later became Earl of Leicester. I ’ m sure she was struck down with what was believed to a! For her time and focused on fashion, very much like her mother lived the... Was sick herself been a long-time advocate for vaccinations always been a fascination of mine queen... 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