There are so big differences in population. French foreign minister. European Community (EC), former association designed to integrate the economies of Europe. Where? Explain the structure of the European Council. It is directly-elected and made up of 705 members (MEPs) representing all EU countries. It is now having a single currency (Euro) and a single Banking Union system. In 2016, Brittain shocked the world by … c) 1 July 1987. Usally has a politcal background. How does the European Council promote European integration? What is the relevance of the end of WWII in relation to the genesis of the European Union? As the largest market and the most important trading partner for the US, the EU is increasingly setting standards American companies must meet if they wish to remain competitive in the global marketplace. When did the Treaty on European Union come into effect? Was recognized in 1965 Merger Treaty. Channel Tunnel for example, 90 billion euro for budget. They have the Eurosystem: every member state that has adopted the euro. How is the President of the European Commission selected and appointed? The European Union is a unique economic and political union between 27 EU countries that together cover much of the continent. They have veto powers over council of ministers over: allowing new members, concluding international agreements, imposing penalties, attempting to introduce a uniform electoral system. The quiz below is designed to test your knowledge on Europe and the European Union. A correct on your first try scores you points, second go, one point. The European Central Bank and the European Commission are in charge of maintaining its value and stability, and for establishing the criteria required for EU countries to enter the euro area. The EU was created by the Maastricht Treaty, which entered into force on November 1, 1993. This international organization constituting of European countries was formed after the Second World War. (a eu foreign minister). EP. Why? As of 1950, the European Coal and Steel Community begins to unite European countries economically and politically in order to secure lasting peace. January 1999, switched on january 1 2002. Financial watchdog. What is the European Union? Brussel, advisory body set up under treaty of Rome. The EU’s common currency is the euro. an agreement made between countries, where the countries agree to trade freely among themselves, and they also agree to adopt common external barriers against any country attempting to import into the customs union, for example, the Switzerland-Liechtenstein customs union, a zone in which labor and capital (as well as goods) flow freely across borders. intergovernmental body. Judges depends on the sice of the case. To compete in a global economy, the nation-states of Europe must … Jean Claude Junker. If there is a free trade on coal and steel, and can wash and see something. Formed in 1958 the European Union is an economic and political union between 28 member countries. Aleksa sees it as federation. This quiz has been designed to give young people a quick and useful introduction the European Union. Last update: 12/01/2021. The European Union (EU) was founded as a result of the Maastricht Treaty on Nov. 1, 1993. It was marketing, he maybe didn't have the political will but he got it out there, free trade for coal and steel. SSenate for presidental nomines to the cabinet. An initiative of the European Commission. 2 Which non-European country signed an agreement to become Germany's military ally and set the scene for World War II? After the Treaty on European Union, who was responsible for monetary policy? How has the Court contributed to European integration? This is not an official EU Commission or Government resource. What are the sources of European Union Law? The European Economic Community was formed in 1957. - Powers over legislation: They can send representatives in early development meetings held by the commission. The General Data Protection Regulation (EU) 2016/679 (GDPR) is a regulation in EU law on data protection and privacy in the European Union (EU) and the European Economic Area (EEA). When did Single European Act come into effect? Build a body of common law for the EU that is equally, fairly, and uniformly applied throughout the member states. What did the signing of the Treaty of Rome establish? Europa > Documents and publications > Language and terminology. They know each other well and want negotations to go smooth. 60 shareholder countries, in big economies, the us japan etc. The currency. January 7, 2020. Second would be the Council, and this represents the member states. It can be used as stand-alone activity or alongside publication ‘EU&ME’. The European Central Bank and the European Commission are in charge of maintaining its value and stability, and for establishing the criteria required for EU countries to enter the euro area. The European Union is a unique economic and political union between 28 EU countries that together cover much of the continent.The predecessor of the EU was created in the aftermath of the Second World War. What changes did the Treaty on European Union effect? It is directly-elected and made up of 705 members (MEPs) representing all EU countries. Investing in the poor so we can have a single market for example. 4 reasons behind Britain leaving the European Union. They have a common market with a single currency. - It is not a European superstate, and suggestions that it might one day become a United States of Europe are greeted with a volatile mixture of enthusiasm and hostility. Mainly focus were to initiate policy and to oversee implementation. Member states can't ask for loan there. It has grown because of now they have one member from every country, the institutions have grown, should it be this powerful? The EU was an attempt to halt the growing influence of American culture in Europe after World War II and to promote the … Explain the functions and structure of the European Central Bank (ECB). The only power ti has was the ability to force the high authority t oresign through a vote of censure - never used it though. Which functions are shared with the Council of the European Union? It is not a State intended to replace existing states, but it is more than any other international organisation. - Instead of high authority the EEC had an appointed nine-member quasi-executive commission that had less power to impose decisions on member states. Europeans will soon consider a proposed constitution for the European Union that is very different from the U.S. Constitution. In federal state, you have one central government, example. EU itself is a shareholder and the eu investment bank. Taking collective responsible for desicions, Each has a policy portfolio which they are responsible for, serves 5 years term. - National delegations normally have issues they want to raise in meetings. What they do: oversees attempt to coordinate the economic policies of member states, digning international tretien on behalf of the EU, approving the EU budget, promoting the cpmmon foreign and security policy. - The creation of the positions of president of the curopean council and high representative of the union for foreign affairs and security policy. - Strasbourg, France. Commission doesn't have a special role, they have a standard role- most of the policies come with the instructions from the EP or the Council. These countries share a common currency called the Euro. You have two attempts answer each question. As of 1950, the European Coal and Steel Community begins to unite European countries economically and politically in order to secure lasting peace. The EU is, in fact, unique. There are many committies as well. Remote learning solution for Lockdown 2021: Ready-to-use tutor2u Online Courses Learn more › - The free movement of people, money, goods and services. They are attempting to both promote peace and organization between their member countries, resulting in such changes as the Euro, or a form of currency used in multiple European countries rather … A blocking needs 4 states representing 35%. Those who reside in EU countries are also granted EU passports, which allow for easy travel between nations. Which treaty established … Intergrate further the states politically an enomomically. Many members share the Schengen Area while others share the eurozone. 3. What are the origins of the Council of the European Union. Ireland saw the EEC as a potential boost for its industrial plans and to reduce the reliance on agriculture and Britain. What was the goal of the Single European Act? 1. Passes european laws, concludes international agreements, and approves the EU budget with the parliament. What were the three pillars of the newly formed European Union? In making appointments there are three main factors. Trafficking, terrorism etc, money corruption, human trafficking, vejicle smuggling. Maybe there is nothing like it, something we haven't seen before. This is because of regulations that were implemented at a Union level. It sounds good that making war impossible, doesn't really do it though, what they did was to create a market. European politics in the union, welfare state and crisis, an organization whose goal is to unite Europe so that goods, services, and workers can move freely among member countries, No death penalty, same monetary system, common body of legislature, secular, the basic monetary unit of most members of the European Union (introduced in 1999), European countries lowered trade barriers; The cold war; integration had economic gains/growth, Strong currency, peace, prosperity (20% of world GDP comes from EU), democracy, unity, Debt crisis, inequality, xenophonia, democratic deficit, Anti-immigrant; racial discrimination, two-faced ("we love immigrants", then they burn down homes), The criticism made of the European Union that there is a gap between the European Community institutions and the people they represent; voter turn out at 80%, Made European integration possible after 1945; involvement of US; Soviet Union had a common enemy of US and Europe, US needed strong ally in Europe; NATO, trading partners, Made European integration possible after 1945, Made European integration possible after 1945; forced European countries to change; Europe in shambles, needing to rebuild; Germany returning to good graces, a trading bloc that gives preferential access to certain products from certain countries; (2+ countries decrease tariffs together, but not abolish), A zone in which there are no tariffs or other restrictions on the movement of goods and services across borders; free border. It eliminates all border controls between members. What are the key powers and functions of the EP? The europa.eu webpage concerning GDPR can be found here. To assess and develop transatlantic cooperation, the European Union and the USA hold regular presi-dential summits. Home ; About the EU . - Based in Justus Liosius building in Brussel. Explain the functions and structure of the European Police Office (Europol). - Most issues by qualified majority voting or QMV - which prevent big states in having to much power and incourage to form colusions. Någon annan council. How is the President selected and what are his/her responsibilities? To some, the EU is an overblown bureaucracy that drains money and compromises the power of sovereign states. Is the European Union: 1) an international organization, 2) a federal state, 3) a confederation, 4) an economic bloc, 5) sui generis political system, 6) other? Brittan and Norway thought it was good for the importance of the market. - The treaty of Rome can be seen as the forerunners of the institutions of EU today: a commission that served as a quasi-executive, a council of ministers and a parliamentary assembly that performed legislative functions and a court of justice. EU has a kind of central government, serenity - government power. Fiscal union is the integration of the fiscal policy of nations or states. Coreper is the meeting place for the permanent representatives. a) 25 March 1957. June 18, 2017 by Louise Gaille. They want eu to do well so they can trade with them. A reformed strengthend european community, a common foreign and security policy that would replace eps, new policies on justice and home affairs. Not police officer for the union. It increased the international influence of the EEC (largest economic bloc in the world). - Acts like a board of directors of the European Union. European Union (EU), international organization comprising 27 European countries and governing common economic, social, and security policies. For others, it is the … Who attends? The European Economic and Monetary Union (EMU) involves the coordination of economic and fiscal policies, a common monetary policy, and a common currency, the … What are the origins of the European Commission? The European Parliament (EP) is the legislative branch of the European Union and one of its seven institutions. The EU is an example of what supranationalism can produce. Additionally, the European Union is working hard on eliminating high export tariffs to further increase the prosperity for each member state. What changes were made to the institutional framework of the European Coal and Steel Community? Find GCSE resources for every subject. What kind of organization is the European Union? They are criminal intelligence. Extra-EU refers to transactions with all countries outside of the EU: the rest of the world except for the European Union (EU) Member States. The European Union creates an allied front against outside aggression.The past 50 years in Europe have been some of the most peaceful out of the last 1,000 years of history. Ten terms all relating to the European Union can be revised and tested in this Quizlet activity. What were the achievements of the Treaties of Amsterdam and Nice? What are the powers and functions of the European Court of Justice (ECJ)? - Summits earlier took place in the capital of member state holding the presidency of the council of ministers or in a regional city or town. Hard with accommodation in Strasbourg - plenty of plenaries are not well attended. development needs prosperity. European Union. Petitions are examined by Parliament’s Committee on Petitions, which makes a decision on their admissibility and is responsible for dealing with them. European politics in the union, welfare state and crisis Learn with flashcards, games, and more — for free. The High Authority would not be enough. NEW! European Union Quiz Questions and Answers. The European Union (EU) is a family of democratic European countries, committed to working together for peace and prosperity. beyond nation states, EU commission is government, which council and parliament is the legislative; supranational, Council of EU is main institution, must be unanimous, has veto power, intergovernmental, works like international organization, Works for EU as a whole, similar to a community, Works like international, negotiates for best interest of individual countries, Carefully managed process that helps countries extend peace, stability; EU remains open to any country that fulfills requirements, The bicycle is stable as long as it keeps moving, but once it stops, it falls, financial crisis, enlargement of member states, economic and political role of EU in the world, ability to coordinate a community response while adjusting for different ways members have been affected, It is easier to reduce trade barriers than to agree on common policies that involves spending substantial amounts of tax money; Euro is neutral and can be explosive; crisis can reinforce nation state instead of strengthen regionalism. - Created in 1974 because of need of stronger leadership. In which ways does the EP lack defining powers of a legislature? It was introduced in 1962 and has undergone several changes since then to reduce the cost (from 73% of the EEC budget in 1985 to 37% of the EU budget in 2017) and to also consider rural development in its aims. 1958, They borrow from to make for infrastructure for example (50%). The European Union is set up with the aim of ending the frequent and bloody wars between neighbours, which culminated in the Second World War. The organization aimed at reducing trade barriers; enhance cooperation and regional integration among its members Learn more about the EU … It is a complex situation and a though role. What is the EU institution that discusses new laws and coordinates policy between the member countries? There are two main activities that they do: What is the main objective of the European Council? Serves 5 years, decides on the distrubition of portfolios, represents the commission in dealings with other units, responsible for ensuring that the commission gives impetus to the process of european intergration. Belongs to the European Political Party, they are the highest representatives. Moreover, the European Union regulates trade with one set of regulations, which makes business much more efficient. Now all in Brussel. Under fiscal union decisions about the collection and expenditure of taxes are taken by common institutions, shared by the participating governments. 2. This was critized - to hard for approval. community pillar 2 and 3. 5. Tangible proof of European integration, the single currency has a specific history of design, implementation, and policies. The European Union (EU) was founded as a result of the Maastricht Treaty on Nov. 1, 1993. When was European Economic Community formed? more. 'Britain always had a very special relationship with the EU -- it always was an on/off relationship. Have the same power here as the council of ministers on decision making. T he European Union is an economic and political union of 28 countries. It was created after World War II as a way to ensure peace between European nations. Created econ and pol integration by common currency (the euro), and common banking system/law enforcement; made co-decision real, Free movement of goods; free movement of services, free movement of capital, free movement of people, EC established a common market that took down internal barriers to trade within the EC, Increased decision making power of parliament, co-decision procedure became more effective, union respects fundamental rights. Why? Describe the circumstances of the first and second rounds of enlargement. Explain the distinction between the European System of Central Banks and the Eurosystem. Remote learning solution for Lockdown 2021: Ready-to-use tutor2u Online Courses Learn more › What are the requisite qualifications? The assembly had no power of law for the ECSC or influence lawmaking. They don't have to listen, there is no accountability, a concern. What were the key achievements of the Treaty of Lisbon? and, how are they distinct? Home Menu Search . The first steps were to foster economic cooperation: the idea being that countries that trade with one another become economically interdependent and so more likely to avoid conflict. Where is the seat(s)* of the European Parliament (EP)? Explain the evolution of the ECJ and its origin. Give it a shot and know more about the continent. The Act is valuable link between Brussels and the member states ensuring that views are expressed and defended. Holds its plenary sessions, meets there for only 3 or 4 days a month. Eurostat: The agency within the European Union charged with providing statistical information for the continent, as well as to ensure that member countries are using acceptable methods to … - Meet in Brussel, summits lasting no longer than 2 days. green smiley will pop up if get question right. A proposal had to win a triple majority. It is the successor to the European Monetary System ( … Can we strive for equality? European citixenship. It is a political and economic union between European countries that sets policies concerning the members’ economies, societies, laws, and, to some extent, security. The first 6 created European economic community (EEC) with the goal of creating a single market. What are the length of their terms? The European Union is a union of twenty-nine member states whose main aim is to enhance economic, social and territorial cohesion among the members. - Court of justice - made up by 3 elements (President, Judges 28, Advocate Generals 11). It is not Interpol but that idea for the member states. EU GDP in 2017: 1. board of governors consisting of finance ministers, a decision-making board of directors (27 member plus representative from the European commission). - Started as Common Assembly of the ECSC in 1952. What is happening that you need this kind of input? The European Union is a monetary entity of 27 fiscally independent countries. European Economic and Monetary Union … 4 reasons behind Britain leaving the European Union. Poor countries as eastern Europe get the most. At this point, there should only be one common production, It is about sharing a gun, to build up trust between the countries. Got brought to ourt, are they going past their treaties? The term also refers to the “European Communities,” which originally comprised the European Economic Community (EEC), the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC; dissolved in 2002), and the European Atomic Start studying GEOG EXAM 2. c) Ireland. It is a means to provide stability and for stronger, more sustainable and inclusive growth across the euro area and the EU as a whole for the sake of improving the lives of EU citizens. Give employer, workers etc a place where they could meet and talk and issue opinions to the commission, the council of ministers and the parliament. The EU is a holdover from the Cold War era where the countries of Western Europe formed a defensive alliance in opposition to the (then) Soviet Union. The EU’s members are Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, … The ECB started in 1998 following the Treaty of Amsterdam that amended the Treaty on the European Union. How many world wars were fought in Europe? Explain the work of the Coreper II and I and of the working parties of the Council of the European Union. After 1,316 days of political turmoil, the UK now stands alone as the first nation to have ever left the European Union. The European Union creates stability because all of the nations belonging to the agreement (or NATO) work together for their mutual good. The European Union is a unified trade and monetary body of 27 member countries. It also addresses the transfer of personal data outside the EU and EEA areas. The European Union (EU) is a unique economic and political union between 27 European countries. Explain the functions and structure of the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD). "light" constitutional treaty, creation of president of European council and high reps for foreign affairs, increased power of parliament. Since the treaty of lisbon lead to a change in how it is done, starting in 2014: commissions presidents were to be proposed by the european council using the qualified majority vote. A trade agreement between Canada, the United States and Mexico that encourages free trade between these North American countries. Plenaries achieve relatively little. How do Commissioners receive their appointments? European Union (EU), international organization comprising 27 European countries and governing common economic, social, and security policies. What are their main tasks? There are three sources of EU law: primary law, secondary law and supplementary law. Each of the countries within the Union are independent but they agree to trade under the agreements made between the nations. Aspect of monetary policy and intersest rate, control inflation, insure price stability, insuring safety of other banks within the EU. Luxemburg 1977. More cooperation on immigration and asylum, police intellegence to combat organized crime, regional funds for poorer states. This list of European countries by population comprises the 51 countries and 6 territories and dependencies in Europe, broadly defined, including Cyprus, Kazakhstan, Turkey, and the countries of the Caucasus.. - The franco-german axis has always been critical due to influence by the strong personal relations. (2001) created democratic voting system to accommodate EU enlargement; bring balance between larger and smaller countries. Since the 1950s, various industries, including coal and steel, have worked to create one entity serving all Europeans … Make sure interest is joint. The European Union was officially founded on November 1, 1993. It is not doing great for integrating, it's unice but what should it be? The European Federalist Party was a pro-European, pan-European and federalist political party from 2011 to 2016 which advocated further integration of the European Union. Initally the parliament was limited to the consulation procudre, accept or no. About GDPR.EU . However, density is not the only indication of unions’ capacity to mobilise workers. How do interpersonal dynamics affect the work of the European Council? a supranational organization working toward economic, political, and cultural integration in Europe The states of Czechoslovakia and Yugoslavia were established by the Treaty of Versailles. The European Union (EU) is a group of countries that acts as one economic unit in the world economy. They said it was going to be made step by step, and that's not the way you think of nation building. He did announce it at a press conference. From empire to nation-state and now to a union, the continent struggles to confront these cultural forces that unite and divide. They came into being as a result of the November 1990 transatlantic declaration which for the ﬁrst time formalised the USA’s contacts with what was then the European Community. 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